Limits for Spin-Independent Cross Section of Dark Matter Particle (${{\boldsymbol X}^{0}}$) on Nucleon

Isoscalar coupling is assumed to extract the limits from those on ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$--nuclei cross section.

For ${\boldsymbol m}_{{{\boldsymbol X}^{0}}}$ = 100 GeV INSPIRE search

For limits from ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ annihilation in the Sun, the assumed annihilation final state is shown in parenthesis in the comment.
VALUE (pb) CL% DOCUMENT ID TECN  COMMENT
• • • We do not use the following data for averages, fits, limits, etc. • • •
$<1 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 1
AGNESE
2018A
CDMS $\sigma {}^{SI}$( ${{\mathit \chi}}{{\mathit p}}$ )
$<1.7 \times 10^{-10}$ 90 2
AKERIB
2017
LUX ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<1.2 \times 10^{-10}$ 90 3
APRILE
2017G
XE1T ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<1.2 \times 10^{-10}$ 90 4
CUI
2017A
PNDX ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<2.0 \times 10^{-8}$ 90
AGNES
2016
DS50 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ar}$
$<1 \times 10^{-9}$ 90 5
AKERIB
2016
LUX ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<1 \times 10^{-9}$ 90 6
APRILE
2016B
X100 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<2 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 7
TAN
2016
PNDX ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<4 \times 10^{-10}$ 90 8
TAN
2016B
PNDX ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<6 \times 10^{-8}$ 90
AGNES
2015
DS50 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ar}$
$<4 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 9
AGNESE
2015B
CDM2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
$<7.13 \times 10^{-6}$ 90
CHOI
2015
SKAM ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit b}}{{\overline{\mathit b}}}$ )
$<6.26 \times 10^{-7}$ 90
CHOI
2015
SKAM ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit W}^{+}}{{\mathit W}^{-}}$ )
$<2.76 \times 10^{-7}$ 90
CHOI
2015
SKAM ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit \tau}^{+}}{{\mathit \tau}^{-}}$ )
$<1.5 \times 10^{-8}$ 90
XIAO
2015
PNDX ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<1 \times 10^{-9}$ 90
AKERIB
2014
LUX ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<4.0 \times 10^{-6}$ 90 10
AVRORIN
2014
BAIK ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit W}^{+}}{{\mathit W}^{-}}$ )
$<1.0 \times 10^{-4}$ 90 10
AVRORIN
2014
BAIK ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit b}}{{\overline{\mathit b}}}$ )
$<1.6 \times 10^{-6}$ 90 10
AVRORIN
2014
BAIK ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit \tau}^{+}}{{\mathit \tau}^{-}}$ )
$<5 \times 10^{-6}$ 90
FELIZARDO
2014
SMPL C$_{2}$ClF$_{5}$
$<6.01 \times 10^{-7}$ 90 11
AARTSEN
2013
ICCB ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit W}^{+}}{{\mathit W}^{-}}$ )
$<3.30 \times 10^{-5}$ 90 11
AARTSEN
2013
ICCB ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit b}}{{\overline{\mathit b}}}$ )
$<1.9 \times 10^{-6}$ 90 12
ADRIAN-MARTIN..
2013
ANTR ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit W}^{+}}{{\mathit W}^{-}}$ )
$<1.2 \times 10^{-4}$ 90 12
ADRIAN-MARTIN..
2013
ANTR ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit b}}{{\overline{\mathit b}}}$ )
$<7.6 \times 10^{-7}$ 90 12
ADRIAN-MARTIN..
2013
ANTR ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit \tau}^{+}}{{\mathit \tau}^{-}}$ )
$<2 \times 10^{-6}$ 90 13
AGNESE
2013
CDM2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Si}$
$<1.6 \times 10^{-6}$ 90 14
BOLIEV
2013
BAKS ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit W}^{+}}{{\mathit W}^{-}}$ )
$<1.9 \times 10^{-5}$ 90 14
BOLIEV
2013
BAKS ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit b}}{{\overline{\mathit b}}}$ )
$<7.1 \times 10^{-7}$ 90 14
BOLIEV
2013
BAKS ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit \tau}^{+}}{{\mathit \tau}^{-}}$ )
$<1.67 \times 10^{-6}$ 90 15
ABBASI
2012
ICCB ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit W}^{+}}{{\mathit W}^{-}}$ )
$<1.07 \times 10^{-4}$ 90 15
ABBASI
2012
ICCB ${}^{}\mathrm {H}$, solar ${{\mathit \nu}}$ ( ${{\mathit b}}{{\overline{\mathit b}}}$ )
$<4 \times 10^{-8}$ 90
AKIMOV
2012
ZEP3 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<1.4 \times 10^{-6}$ 90 16
ANGLOHER
2012
CRES CaWO$_{4}$
$<3 \times 10^{-9}$ 90 17
APRILE
2012
X100 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<3 \times 10^{-7}$ 90
BEHNKE
2012
COUP CF$_{3}$I
$<7 \times 10^{-6}$
FELIZARDO
2012
SMPL C$_{2}$ClF$_{5}$
$<2.5 \times 10^{-7}$ 90 18
KIM
2012
KIMS CsI
$<2 \times 10^{-4}$ 90
AALSETH
2011
CGNT ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
19
AHMED
2011
CDM2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$, inelastic
$<3.3 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 20
AHMED
2011A
RVUE ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
21
AJELLO
2011
FLAT
$<3 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 22
APRILE
2011
X100 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
23
APRILE
2011A
X100 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$, inelastic
$<1 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 17
APRILE
2011B
X100 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<5 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 24
ARMENGAUD
2011
EDE2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
25
HORN
2011
ZEP3 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<4 \times 10^{-8}$ 90
AHMED
2010
CDM2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
$<9 \times 10^{-6}$ 90
AKERIB
2010
CDM2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Si}$, ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$, low threshold
26
AKIMOV
2010
ZEP3 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$, inelastic
$<5 \times 10^{-8}$ 90
APRILE
2010
X100 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$
$<1 \times 10^{-7}$ 90
ARMENGAUD
2010
EDE2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
$<3 \times 10^{-5}$ 90
FELIZARDO
2010
SMPL C$_{2}$ClF$_{3}$
$<5 \times 10^{-8}$ 90 27
AHMED
2009
CDM2 ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
28
ANGLE
2009
XE10 ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$, inelastic
$<3 \times 10^{-4}$ 90
LIN
2009
TEXO ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$
29
GIULIANI
2005
RVUE
1  AGNESE 2018A set limit ${{\mathit \sigma}}{}^{SI}$( ${{\mathit \chi}}{{\mathit p}}$ ) $<$ $10^{-8}$ pb for m(WIMP) = 100 GeV.
2  AKERIB 2017 exclude SI cross section $>$ $1.7 \times 10^{-10}$ pb for m(WIMP) = 100 GeV. Uses complete LUX data set.
3  APRILE 2017G set limit $\sigma {}^{SI}$( ${{\mathit \chi}}{{\mathit p}}$ ) $<$ 1.2 $10^{-10}$ pb for m(WIMP) = 100 GeV using 1 ton fiducial mass ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$ TPC. Exposure is 34.2 live days.
4  CUI 2017A require $\sigma {}^{SI}$( ${{\mathit \chi}}{{\mathit p}}$ ) $<$ $1.2 \times 10^{-10}$ pb for m(WIMP) = 100 GeV using 54 ton-day exposure of ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$.
5  AKERIB 2016 re-analysis of 2013 data exclude SI cross section $>$ $1 \times 10^{-9}$ pb for $\mathit m$(WIMP) = 100 GeV on ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$ target.
6  APRILE 2016B combined 447 live days using ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$ target exclude ${{\mathit \sigma}}$(SI) $>$ $1.1 \times 10^{-9}$ pb for m(WIMP) = 50 GeV.
7  TAN 2016 search for WIMP scatter off ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$ target; see SI exclusion plot Fig. 6.
8  TAN 2016B search for WIMP-${{\mathit p}}$ scatter off ${}^{}\mathrm {Xe}$ target; see Fig. 5 for SI exclusion.
9  AGNESE 2015B reanalyse AHMED 2010 data.
10  AVRORIN 2014 search for neutrinos from the Sun arising from the pair annihilation of ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ trapped by the Sun in data taken between 1998 and 2003. See their Table 1 for limits assuming annihilation into neutrino pairs.
11  AARTSEN 2013 search for neutrinos from the Sun arising from the pair annihilation of ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ trapped by the sun in data taken between June 2010 and May 2011.
12  ADRIAN-MARTINEZ 2013 search for neutrinos from the Sun arising from the pair annihilation of ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ trapped by the sun in data taken between Jan. 2007 and Dec. 2008.
13  AGNESE 2013 use data taken between Oct. 2006 and July 2007.
14  BOLIEV 2013 search for neutrinos from the Sun arising from the pair annihilation of ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ trapped by the sun in data taken from 1978 to 2009. See also SUVOROVA 2013 for an older analysis of the same data.
15  ABBASI 2012 search for neutrinos from the Sun arising from the pair annihilation of ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ trapped by the Sun. The amount of ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ depends on the ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$-proton cross section.
16  Reanalysis of ANGLOHER 2009 data with all three nuclides. See also BROWN 2012 .
17  See also APRILE 2014A.
18  See their Fig. 6 for a limit on inelastically scattering ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ for ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit X}^{0}}}$ = 70 GeV.
19  AHMED 2011 search for ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ inelastic scattering. See their Fig. $8 - 10$ for limits.
20  AHMED 2011A combine CDMS and EDELWEISS data.
21  AJELLO 2011 search for ${{\mathit e}^{\pm}}$ flux from ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ annihilations in the Sun. Models in which ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ annihilates into an intermediate long-lived weakly interacting particles or ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ scatters inelastically are constrained. See their Fig. $6 - 8$ for limits.
22  APRILE 2011 reanalyze APRILE 2010 data.
23  APRILE 2011A search for ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ inelastic scattering. See their Fig. 2 and 3 for limits. See also APRILE 2014A.
24  Supersedes ARMENGAUD 2010 . A limit on inelastic cross section is also given.
25  HORN 2011 perform detector calibration by neutrons. Earlier results are only marginally affected.
26  AKIMOV 2010 give cross section limits for inelastically scattering dark matter. See their Fig.$~$4.
27  Superseded by AHMED 2010 .
28  ANGLE 2009 search for ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$ inelastic scattering. See their Fig. 4 for limits.
29  GIULIANI 2005 analyzes the spin-independent ${{\mathit X}^{0}}$-nucleon cross section limits with both isoscalar and isovector couplings. See their Fig. 3 and 4 for limits on the couplings.
  References:
AGNESE 2018A
PRL 120 061802 Results from the Super Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (SuperCDMS) experiment at Soudan
AKERIB 2017
PRL 118 021303 Results from a Search for Dark Matter in the Complete LUX Exposure
APRILE 2017G
PRL 119 181301 First Dark Matter Search Results from the XENON1T Experiment
CUI 2017A
PRL 119 181302 Dark Matter Results From 54-Ton-Day Exposure of PandaX-II Experiment
AGNES 2016
PR D93 081101 Results from the First use of Low Radioactivity Argon in a Dark Matter Search
AKERIB 2016
PRL 116 161301 Improved Limits on Scattering of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles from Reanalysis of 2013 LUX Data
APRILE 2016B
PR D94 122001 XENON100 Dark Matter Results from a Combination of 477 Live Days
TAN 2016
PR D93 122009 Dark Matter Search Results from the Commissioning Run of PandaX-II
TAN 2016B
PRL 117 121303 Dark Matter Results from First 98.7-day Data of PandaX-II Experiment
AGNES 2015
PL B743 456 First Results from the DarkSide-50 Dark Matter Experiment at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso
AGNESE 2015B
PR D92 072003 Improved WIMP-Search Reach of the CDMS II Germanium Data
CHOI 2015
PRL 114 141301 Search for Neutrinos from Annihilation of Captured Low-Mass Dark Matter Particles in the Sun by Super-Kamiokande
XIAO 2015
PR D92 052004 Low-Mass Dark Matter Search Results from full Exposure of the PandaX-I Experiment
AKERIB 2014
PRL 112 091303 First Results from the LUX Dark Matter Experiment at the Sanford Underground Research Facility
AVRORIN 2014
ASP 62 12 Search for Neutrino Emission from Relic Dark Matter in the Sun with the Baikal NT200 Detector
FELIZARDO 2014
PR D89 072013 The SIMPLE Phase II Dark Matter Search
AARTSEN 2013
PRL 110 131302 Search for Dark Matter Annihilations in the Sun with the 79-String IceCube Detector
ADRIAN-MARTINEZ 2013
JCAP 1311 032 First Results on Dark Matter Annihilation in the Sun using the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope
AGNESE 2013
PR D88 031104 Silicon Detector Results from the First Five-Tower Run of CDMS II
BOLIEV 2013
JCAP 1309 019 Search for Muon Signal from Dark Matter Annihilations in the Sun with the Baksan Underground Scintillator Telescope for 24.12 Years
ABBASI 2012
PR D85 042002 Multiyear Search for Dark Matter Annihilations in the Sun with the AMANDA-II and IceCube Detectors
AKIMOV 2012
PL B709 14 WIMP-Nucleon Cross-Section Results from the Second Science Run of ZEPLIN-II
ANGLOHER 2012
EPJ C72 1971 Results from 730 kg days of the CRESST-II Dark Matter Search
APRILE 2012
PRL 109 181301 Dark Matter Results from 225 Live Days of XENON100 Data
BEHNKE 2012
PR D86 052001 First Dark Matter Search Results from a 4-kg CF$_{3}$I Bubble Chamber Operated in a Deep Underground Site
FELIZARDO 2012
PRL 108 201302 Final Analysis and Results of the Phase II SIMPLE Dark Matter Search
KIM 2012
PRL 108 181301 New Limits on Interactions between Weakly Interacting Massive Particles and Nucleons Obtained with CsI(Tl) Crystal Detectors
AALSETH 2011
PRL 106 131301 Results from a Search for Light-Mass Dark Matter with a $\mathit p$-Type Point Contact Germanium Detector
AHMED 2011A
PR D84 011102 Combined Limits on WIMPs from the CDMS and EDELWEISS Experiments
AHMED 2011
PR D83 112002 Search for Inelastic Dark Matter with the CDMS II Experiment
AJELLO 2011
PR D84 032007 Constraints on Dark Matter Models from a Fermi LAT Search for High-Energy Cosmic-Ray Electrons from the Sun
APRILE 2011A
PR D84 061101 Implications on Inelastic Dark Matter from 100 Live Days of XENON100 Data
APRILE 2011B
PRL 107 131302 Dark Matter Results from 100 Live Days of XENON100 Data
APRILE 2011
PR D84 052003 Likelihood Approach to the First Dark Matter Results from XENON100
ARMENGAUD 2011
PL B702 329 Final Results of the EDELWEISS-II WIMP Search using a 4-kg Array of Cryogenic Germanium Detectors with Interleaved Electrodes
HORN 2011
PL B705 471 Nuclear Recoil Scintillation and Ionisation Yields in Liquid Xenon from ZEPLIN-III Data
AHMED 2010
SCI 327 1619 Dark Matter Search Results from the CDMS II Experiment
AKERIB 2010
PR D82 122004 Low-Threshold Analysis of CDMS Shallow-Site Data
AKIMOV 2010
PL B692 180 Limits on Inelastic Dark Matter from ZEPLIN-III
APRILE 2010
PRL 105 131302 First Dark Matter Results from the XENON100 Experiment
ARMENGAUD 2010
PL B687 294 First Results of the EDELWEISS-II WIMP Search using ${}^{}\mathrm {Ge}$ Cryogenic Detectors with Interleaved Electrodes
FELIZARDO 2010
PRL 105 211301 First Results of the Phase II SIMPLE Dark Matter Search
AHMED 2009
PRL 102 011301 Search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles with the First Five-Tower Data from the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search at the Soudan Underground Laboratory
ANGLE 2009
PR D80 115005 Constraints on Inelastic dark Matter from XENON10
LIN 2009
PR D79 061101 New Limits on Spin-Independent and Spin-Dependent Couplings of Low-Mass WIMP Dark Matter with a Germanium Detector at a Threshold of 220 eV
GIULIANI 2005
PRL 95 101301 Are Direct Search Experiments Sensitive to All Spin-Independent Weakly Interacting Massive Particles?
SUVOROVA 2013
PAN 76 1367 Upper Limit on the Cross Section for Elastic Neutralino-Nucleon Scattering in a Neutrino Experiment at the Baksan Underground Scintillator Telescope
ANGLOHER 2009
ASP 31 270 Commissioning Run of the CRESST-II Dark Matter Search
BROWN 2012
PR D85 021301 Extending the CRESST-II Commissioning Run Limits to Lower Masses
APRILE 2014A
ASP 54 11 Analysis of the XENON100 Dark Matter Search Data