CONCENTRATION OF STABLE PARTICLES IN MATTER

Concentration of Heavy Stable Particles Bound to Nuclei INSPIRE search

VALUE CL% DOCUMENT ID TECN  COMMENT
• • • We do not use the following data for averages, fits, limits, etc. • • •
$<1.2 \times 10^{-11}$ 95 1
JAVORSEK
2001
SPEC Au, $\mathit M$= 3 GeV
$<6.9 \times 10^{-10}$ 95 1
JAVORSEK
2001
SPEC Au, $\mathit M$= 144 GeV
$<1 \times 10^{-11}$ 95 2
JAVORSEK
2001B
SPEC Au, $\mathit M$= 188 GeV
$<1 \times 10^{-8}$ 95 2
JAVORSEK
2001B
SPEC Au, $\mathit M$= 1669 GeV
$<6 \times 10^{-9}$ 95 2
JAVORSEK
2001B
SPEC Fe, $\mathit M$= 188 GeV
$<1 \times 10^{-8}$ 95 2
JAVORSEK
2001B
SPEC Fe, $\mathit M$= 647 GeV
$<4 \times 10^{-20}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {C}$, $\mathit M$ = 100${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<8 \times 10^{-20}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {C}$, $\mathit M$ = 1000${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<2 \times 10^{-16}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {C}$, $\mathit M$ = 10000${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<6 \times 10^{-13}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {Li}$, $\mathit M$ = 1000${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<1 \times 10^{-11}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {Be}$, $\mathit M$ = 1000${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<6 \times 10^{-14}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {B}$, $\mathit M$ = 1000${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<4 \times 10^{-17}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {O}$, $\mathit M$ = 1000${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<4 \times 10^{-15}$ 90 3
HEMMICK
1990
SPEC ${}^{}\mathrm {F}$, $\mathit M$ = 1000${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$
$<1.5 \times 10^{-13}/\text{nucleon }$ 68 4
NORMAN
1989
SPEC ${}^{206}\mathrm {Pb}$ ${{\mathit X}^{-}}$
$<1.2 \times 10^{-12}/\text{nucleon }$ 68 4
NORMAN
1987
SPEC ${{\mathit X}^{-}}$
1  JAVORSEK 2001 search for (neutral) SIMPs (strongly interacting massive particles) bound to Au nuclei. Here $\mathit M$ is the effective SIMP mass.
2  JAVORSEK 2001B search for (neutral) SIMPs (strongly interacting massive particles) bound to Au and Fe nuclei from various origins with exposures on the earth's surface, in a satellite, heavy ion collisions, etc. Here $\mathit M$ is the mass of the anomalous nucleus. See also JAVORSEK 2002 .
3  See HEMMICK 1990 Fig.$~$7 for other masses $100 - 10000~{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit p}}}$.
4  Bound valid up to ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit X}^{-}}}$ $\sim{}$ 100 TeV.
  References:
JAVORSEK 2001B
PRL 87 231804 New Experimental Limits on Strongly Interacting Massive Particles at the TeV Scale
JAVORSEK 2001
PR D64 012005 Experimental Limits on the Existence of Strongly Interacting Massive Particles Bound to Gold Nuclei
HEMMICK 1990
PR D41 2074 Search for Low-Z Nuclei Containing Massive Stable Particles
NORMAN 1989
PR D39 2499 Search for Supermassive Chan-Glashow Particles in Lead
NORMAN 1987
PRL 58 1403 Searches for Supermassive X-Particles in Iron
JAVORSEK 2002
PR D65 072003 Search for Anomalously Heavy Nuclei in Gold and Iron