${{\boldsymbol \nu}}$ (MEAN LIFE) $/$ MASS INSPIRE search

Measures $\sum\vert \mathit U_{ {{\mathit \ell}} {{\mathit j}} }\vert ^2$ $\Gamma _{{{\mathit j}}}{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit j}}}{}^{-1}$, where the sum is over mass eigenstates which cannot be resolved experimentally. Some of the limits constrain the radiative decay and are based on the limit of the corresponding photon flux. Other apply to the decay of a heavier neutrino into the lighter one and a Majoron or other invisible particle. Many of these limits apply to any ${{\mathit \nu}}$ within the indicated mass range.

Limits on the radiative decay are either directly based on the limits of the corresponding photon flux, or are derived from the limits on the neutrino magnetic moments. In the later case the transition rate for ${{\mathit \nu}_{{i}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \nu}_{{j}}}{+}$ ${{\mathit \gamma}}$ is constrained by $\Gamma _{ij}$ = ${1\over \tau _{ij}}$ = ${(\mathit m{}^{2}_{i} − \mathit m{}^{2}_{j}){}^{3}\over \mathit m{}^{3}_{i}}$ $\mu {}^{2}_{ij}$ where $\mu _{ij}$ is the neutrino transition moment in the mass eigenstates basis. Typically, the limits on lifetime based on the magnetic moments are many orders of magnitude more restrictive than limits based on the nonobservation of photons.

VALUE (s/eV) CL% DOCUMENT ID TECN  COMMENT
$\bf{>15.4}$ 90 1
KRAKAUER
1991
CNTR ${{\mathit \nu}_{{\mu}}}$, ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{\mu}}}$ at LAMPF
$\bf{>7 \times 10^{9}}$ 2
RAFFELT
1985
ASTR
$\bf{>300}$ 90 3
REINES
1974
CNTR ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$
• • • We do not use the following data for averages, fits, limits, etc. • • •
$>\text{E5}−\text{E10}$ 95 4
CECCHINI
2011
ASTR ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ $\rightarrow{{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}$ radiative decay
90 5
MIRIZZI
2007
CMB radiative decay
90 6
MIRIZZI
2007
CIB radiative decay
7
WONG
2007
CNTR Reactor ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$
$> 0.11$ 90 8
XIN
2005
CNTR Reactor ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$
9
XIN
2005
CNTR Reactor ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$
$> 0.004$ 90 10
AHARMIM
2004
SNO quasidegen. ${{\mathit \nu}}$ masses
$>4.4 \times 10^{-5}$ 90 10
AHARMIM
2004
SNO hierarchical ${{\mathit \nu}}$ masses
${ {}\gtrsim{} } \text{ 100}$ 95 11
CECCHINI
2004
ASTR Radiative decay for ${{\mathit \nu}}$ mass $>$ 0.01 eV
$> 0.067$ 90 12
EGUCHI
2004
KLND quasidegen. ${{\mathit \nu}}$ masses
$>1.1 \times 10^{-3}$ 90 12
EGUCHI
2004
KLND hierarchical ${{\mathit \nu}}$ masses
$>8.7 \times 10^{-5}$ 99 13
BANDYOPADHYAY
2003
FIT nonradiative decay
$>=4200$ 90 14
DERBIN
2002B
CNTR Solar ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ and ${}^{}\mathrm {Be}{{\mathit \nu}}$
$>2.8 \times 10^{-5}$ 99 15
JOSHIPURA
2002B
FIT nonradiative decay
16
DOLGOV
1999
COSM
17
BILLER
1998
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}$= $0.05 - 1$ eV
$>2.8 \times 10^{15}$ 18, 19
BLUDMAN
1992
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}<$ 50 eV
$\text{none } 10^{-12} − 5 \times 10^{4}$ 20
DODELSON
1992
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}=1 - 300$ keV
$< 10^{-12} \text{ or > 5 }\times 10^{4}$ 20
DODELSON
1992
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}=1 - 300$ keV
21
GRANEK
1991
COSM Decaying ${{\mathit L}^{0}}$
$>6.4$ 90 22
KRAKAUER
1991
CNTR ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$ at LAMPF
$>1.1 \times 10^{15}$ 23
WALKER
1990
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}$= $0.03$ $-\sim{}$2 MeV
$>6.3 \times 10^{15}$ 24, 19
CHUPP
1989
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}<$ 20 eV
$>1.7 \times 10^{15}$ 19
KOLB
1989
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}<$ 20 eV
25
RAFFELT
1989
RVUE ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}}$ (Dirac, Majorana)
26
RAFFELT
1989B
ASTR
$>8.3 \times 10^{14}$ 27
VONFEILITZSCH
1988
ASTR
$>22$ 68 28
OBERAUER
1987
${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{R}}}$ (Dirac)
$>38$ 68 28
OBERAUER
1987
${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}}$ (Majorana)
$>59$ 68 28
OBERAUER
1987
${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{L}}}$ (Dirac)
$>30$ 68
KETOV
1986
CNTR ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}}$ (Dirac)
$>20$ 68
KETOV
1986
CNTR ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}}$ (Majorana)
29
BINETRUY
1984
COSM ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}\sim{}$ 1 MeV
$>0.11$ 90 30
FRANK
1981
CNTR ${{\mathit \nu}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}}$ LAMPF
$>2 \times 10^{21}$ 31
STECKER
1980
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}$= $10 - 100$ eV
$>0.01$ 90 30
BLIETSCHAU
1978
HLBC ${{\mathit \nu}_{{\mu}}}$, CERN GGM
$>0.017$ 90 30
BLIETSCHAU
1978
HLBC ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{\mu}}}$, CERN GGM
$<3 \times 10^{-11}$ 32
FALK
1978
ASTR ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}<$10 MeV
$>2.2 \times 10^{-3}$ 90 30
BARNES
1977
DBC ${{\mathit \nu}}$, ANL 12-ft
33
COWSIK
1977
ASTR
$>3. \times 10^{-3}$ 90 30
BELLOTTI
1976
HLBC ${{\mathit \nu}}$, CERN GGM
$>0.013$ 90 30
BELLOTTI
1976
HLBC ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}}$, CERN GGM
1  KRAKAUER 1991 quotes the limit $\tau /{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}}$ $>$ ($0.75\mathit a{}^{2}$ $+$ $21.65\mathit a$ $+$ $26.3)~$s/eV, where $\mathit a$ is a parameter describing the asymmetry in the neutrino decay defined as $\mathit dN_{{{\mathit \gamma}}}/\mathit d$cos $\theta $ = (1/2)(1$~+~\mathit a$cos $\theta $) The parameter $\mathit a~=~$0 for a Majorana neutrino, but can vary from $-1$ to 1 for a Dirac neutrino. The bound given by the authors is the most conservative (which applies for $\mathit a~=~-1$).
2  RAFFELT 1985 limit on the radiative decay is from solar x- and $\gamma $-ray fluxes. Limit depends on ${{\mathit \nu}}~$flux from ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ , now established from GALLEX and SAGE to be $>0.5$ of expectation.
3  REINES 1974 looked for ${{\mathit \nu}}$ of nonzero mass decaying radiatively to a neutral of lesser mass + ${{\mathit \gamma}}$. Used liquid scintillator detector near fission reactor. Finds lab lifetime $6 \times 10^{7}~$s or more. Above value of (mean life)/mass assumes average effective neutrino energy of 0.2 MeV. To obtain the limit $6 \times 10^{7}~$s REINES 1974 assumed that the full ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$ reactor flux could be responsible for yielding decays with photon energies in the interval 0.1 MeV $-$ 0.5 MeV. This represents some overestimate so their lower limit is an over-estimate of the lab lifetime (VOGEL 1984 ). If so, OBERAUER 1987 may be comparable or better.
4  CECCHINI 2011 search for radiative decays of solar neutrinos into visible photons during the 2006 total solar eclipse. The range of (mean life)/mass values corresponds to a range of ${{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}$ masses between $10^{-4}$ and 0.1 eV.
5  MIRIZZI 2007 determine a limit on the neutrino radiative decay from analysis of the maximum allowed distortion of the CMB spectrum as measured by the COBE/FIRAS. For the decay ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}$ the lifetime limit is ${ {}\lesssim{} }4 \times 10^{20}$ s for ${ {}\lesssim{} }$ 0.14 eV. For transition with the $\vert \Delta \mathit m_{31}\vert $ mass difference the lifetime limit is $\sim{}2 \times 10^{19}$ s for ${ {}\lesssim{} }$ 0.14 eV and $\sim{}5 \times 10^{20}$ s for ${ {}\gtrsim{} }$ 0.14 eV.
6  MIRIZZI 2007 determine a limit on the neutrino radiative decay from analysis of the cosmic infrared background (CIB) using the Spitzer Observatory data. For transition with the $\vert \Delta \mathit m_{31}\vert $ mass difference they obtain the lifetime limit $\sim{}10^{20}$ s for ${ {}\lesssim{} }0.14~$eV.
7  WONG 2007 use their limit on the neutrino magnetic moment together with the assumed experimental value of $\Delta \mathit m{}^{2}_{13}\sim{}2 \times 10^{-3}$ eV${}^{2}$ to obtain ${{\mathit \tau}_{{13}}}/\mathit m{}^{3}_{1}>3.2 \times 10^{27}$ s/eV${}^{3}$ for the radiative decay in the case of the inverted mass hierarchy. Similarly to RAFFELT 1989 this limit can be violated if electric and magnetic moments are equal to each other. Analogous, but numerically somewhat different limits are obtained for ${{\mathit \tau}_{{23}}}$ and ${{\mathit \tau}_{{21}}}$.
8  XIN 2005 search for the ${{\mathit \gamma}}$ from radiative decay of ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$ produced by the electron capture on ${}^{51}\mathrm {Cr}$. No events were seen and the limit on $\tau /{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}$ was derived. This is a weaker limit on the decay of ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$ than KRAKAUER 1991 .
9  XIN 2005 use their limit on the neutrino magnetic moment of ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$ together with the assumed experimental value of $\Delta $ $\sim{}$ $2 \times 10^{-3}~$eV${}^{2}$ to obtain $\tau _{13}/\mathit m{}^{3}_{1}$ $>$ $1 \times 10^{23}~$s/eV${}^{3}$ for the radiative decay in the case of the inverted mass hierarchy. Similarly to RAFFELT 1989 this limit can be violated if electric and magnetic moments are equal to each other. Analogous, but numerically somewhat different limits are obtained for $\tau _{23}$ and $\tau _{21}$. Again, this limit is specific for ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$.
10  AHARMIM 2004 obtained these results from the solar ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$ flux limit set by the SNO measurement assuming ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ decay through nonradiative process ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{1}}}{{\mathit X}}$ , where ${{\mathit X}}$ is a Majoron or other invisible particle. Limits are given for the cases of quasidegenerate and hierarchical neutrino masses.
11  CECCHINI 2004 obtained this bound through the observations performed on the occasion of the 21 June 2001 total solar eclipse, looking for visible photons from radiative decays of solar neutrinos. Limit is a $\tau /{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}}$ in ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}{{\mathit \gamma}}$ . Limit ranges from $\sim{}$ 100 to $10^{7}~$s/eV for 0.01 $<$ ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}}$ $<$ 0.1 eV.
12  EGUCHI 2004 obtained these results from the solar ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$ flux limit set by the KamLAND measurement assuming ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ decay through nonradiative process ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{1}}}{{\mathit X}}$ , where ${{\mathit X}}$ is a Majoron or other invisible particle. Limits are given for the cases of quasidegenerate and hierarchical neutrino masses.
13  The ratio of the lifetime over the mass derived by BANDYOPADHYAY 2003 is for ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$. They obtained this result using the following solar-neutrino data: total rates measured in Cl and Ga experiments, the Super-Kamiokande's zenith-angle spectra, and SNO's day and night spectra. They assumed that ${{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}$ is the lowest mass, stable or nearly stable neutrino state and ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ decays through nonradiative Majoron emission process, ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{1}}}$ , or through nonradiative process with all the final state particles being sterile. The best fit is obtained in the region of the LMA solution.
14  DERBIN 2002B (also BACK 2003B) obtained this bound for the radiative decay from the results of background measurements with Counting Test Facility (the prototype of the Borexino detector). The laboratory gamma spectrum is given as $\mathit dN_{\gamma }/\mathit d$ cos $\theta $= (1/2) (1 + $\alpha $cos $\theta $) with $\alpha $=0 for a Majorana neutrino, and $\alpha $ varying to $-1$ to 1 for a Dirac neutrino. The listed bound is for the case of $\alpha $=0. The most conservative bound $1.5 \times 10^{3}~$s$~$eV${}^{-1}$ is obtained for the case of $\alpha =-1$.
15  The ratio of the lifetime over the mass derived by JOSHIPURA 2002B is for ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$. They obtained this result from the total rates measured in all solar neutrino experiments. They assumed that ${{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}}$ is the lowest mass, stable or nearly stable neutrino state and ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ decays through nonradiative process like Majoron emission decay, ${{\mathit \nu}_{{2}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}^{\,'}}$ where ${{\mathit \nu}_{{1}}^{\,'}}$ state is sterile. The exact limit depends on the specific solution of the solar neutrino problem. The quoted limit is for the LMA solution.
16  DOLGOV 1999 places limits in the (Majorana) ${{\mathit \tau}}$-associated$~{{\mathit \nu}}$ mass-lifetime plane based on nucleosynthesis. Results would be considerably modified if neutrino oscillations exist.
17  BILLER 1998 use the observed TeV ${{\mathit \gamma}}$-ray spectra to set limits on the mean life of any radiatively decaying neutrino between $0.05$ and 1$~$eV. Curve shows $\tau _{{{\mathit \nu}}}/B_{{{\mathit \gamma}}}>0.15 \times 10^{21}~$s at $0.05~$eV, $>1.2 \times 10^{21}~$s at $0.17~$eV, $>3 \times 10^{21}~$s at $1~$eV, where B$_{{{\mathit \gamma}}}$ is the branching ratio to photons.
18  BLUDMAN 1992 sets additional limits by this method for higher mass ranges. Cosmological limits are also obtained.
19  Limit on the radiative decay based on nonobservation of ${{\mathit \gamma}}$'s in coincidence with ${{\mathit \nu}}$'s from SN$~$1987A.
20  DODELSON 1992 range is for wrong-helicity keV mass Dirac ${{\mathit \nu}}$'s from the core of neutron star in SN$~$1987A decaying to ${{\mathit \nu}}$'s that would have interacted in KAM2 or IMB detectors.
21  GRANEK 1991 considers heavy neutrino decays to ${{\mathit \gamma}}{{\mathit \nu}_{{L}}}$ and 3 ${{\mathit \nu}_{{L}}}$ , where ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}_{{L}}}}<$100 keV. Lifetime is calculated as a function of heavy neutrino mass, branching ratio into ${{\mathit \gamma}}{{\mathit \nu}_{{L}}}$ , and ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}_{{L}}}}$.
22  KRAKAUER 1991 quotes the limit for ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$, $\tau /{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}$ $>$ ($0.3\mathit a{}^{2}$ $+$ $9.8\mathit a$ $+$ $15.9)~$s/eV, where $\mathit a$ is a parameter describing the asymmetry in the radiative neutrino decay defined as $\mathit dN_{{{\mathit \gamma}}}/\mathit d$cos $\theta $ = (1/2)(1$~+~\mathit a$cos $\theta $) $\mathit a~=~$0 for a Majorana neutrino, but can vary from $-1$ to 1 for a Dirac neutrino. The bound given by the authors is the most conservative (which applies for $\mathit a~=~-1$).
23  WALKER 1990 uses SN 1987A ${{\mathit \gamma}}$ flux limits after 289 days.
24  CHUPP 1989 should be multiplied by a branching ratio (about 1) and a detection efficiency (about 1/4), and pertains to radiative decay of any neutrino to a lighter or sterile neutrino.
25  RAFFELT 1989 uses KYULDJIEV 1984 to obtain $\tau \mathit m{}^{3}$ $>$ $3 \times 10^{18}~$s eV${}^{3}$ (based on ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}$ cross sections). The bound for the radiative decay is not valid if electric and magnetic transition moments are equal for Dirac neutrinos.
26  RAFFELT 1989B analyze stellar evolution and exclude the region $3 \times 10^{12}$ $<$ $\tau \mathit m{}^{3}$ $<$ $3 \times 10^{21}~$s$~$eV${}^{3}$.
27  Model-dependent theoretical analysis of SN$~$1987A neutrinos. Quoted limit is for $\sum_{j}\vert \mathit U_{ {{\mathit \ell}} {{\mathit j}} }\vert ^2$ $\Gamma _{{{\mathit j}}}{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit j}}}{}^{-1}$, where ${{\mathit \ell}}$ ${{\mathit \mu}}$ , ${{\mathit \tau}}$. Limit is $3.3 \times 10^{14}$ s/eV for ${{\mathit \ell}}$ ${{\mathit e}}$ .
28  OBERAUER 1987 looks for photons and ${{\mathit e}^{+}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}$ pairs from radiative decays of reactor neutrinos.
29  BINETRUY 1984 finds $\tau <10^{8}~$s for neutrinos in a radiation-dominated universe.
30  These experiments look for ${{\mathit \nu}_{{k}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \nu}_{{j}}}$ ${{\mathit \gamma}}$ or ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{k}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{j}}}{{\mathit \gamma}}$ .
31  STECKER 1980 limit based on UV background; result given is $\tau >4 \times 10^{22}~$s at ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}=20~$eV.
32  FALK 1978 finds lifetime constraints based on supernova energetics.
33  COWSIK 1977 considers variety of scenarios. For neutrinos produced in the big bang, present limits on optical photon flux require $\tau >10^{23}~$s for ${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \nu}}}\sim{}$1 eV. See also COWSIK 1979 and GOLDMAN 1979 .
  References:
CECCHINI 2011
ASP 34 486 New Lower Limits on the Lifetime of Heavy Neutrino Radiative Decay
MIRIZZI 2007
PR D76 053007 Revisiting Cosmological Bounds on Radiative Neutrino Lifetime
WONG 2007
PR D75 012001 Search of Neutrino Magnetic Moments with a High-Purity Germanium Detector at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station
XIN 2005
PR D72 012006 Production of Electron Neutrinos at Nuclear Power Reactors and the Prospects for Neutrino Physics
AHARMIM 2004
PR D70 093014 Electron Antineutrino Search at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory
CECCHINI 2004
ASP 21 183 Search for Possible Neutrino Radiative Decays During the 2001 Total Solar Eclipse
EGUCHI 2004
PRL 92 071301 A High Sensitivity Search for ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$'s from the Sun and other Sources at KamLAND
BANDYOPADHYAY 2003
PL B555 33 Neutrino Decay Confronts the SNO Data
DERBIN 2002B
JETPL 76 409 Search for Neutrino Radiative Decay with a Prototype Borexino Detector
JOSHIPURA 2002B
PR D66 113008 Constraints on Decay Plus Oscillation Solutions of the Solar Neutrino Problem
DOLGOV 1999
NP B548 385 Unstable Massive ${{\mathit \nu}_{{\tau}}}$'s and Primordial Nucleosynthesis
BILLER 1998
PRL 80 2992 New Limits to the Infrared Background: Bounds on Radiative Neutrino Decay and on Very Massive Objects Contributions to the Dark Matter Problem
BLUDMAN 1992
PR D45 4720 Improved Cosmological and Radiative Decay Constraints on Neutrino Masses and Lifetimes
DODELSON 1992
PRL 68 2572 Constraints to the Decays of Dirac Neutrino from SN1987a
GRANEK 1991
IJMP A6 2387 Constraints on Heavy Neutrino Decays in the Early Universe
KRAKAUER 1991
PR D44 6 Direct Experimental Lower Bound on the Radiative Lifetime of the Muon Neutrino
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PR D41 689 Radiative Neutrino Decays, SN1987a and the Submillimeter Background
CHUPP 1989
PRL 62 505 Experimental Limits on the Radiative Decay of SN1987a Neutrinos
KOLB 1989
PRL 62 509 Limits to the Radiative Decays of Neutrinos and Axions from ${{\mathit \gamma}}$ Ray Observations of SN1987a
RAFFELT 1989
PR D39 2066 Radiative Neutrino Decays and Scattering Experiments
RAFFELT 1989B
APJ 336 61 A Stellar Evolution Bound on Radiative Particle Decays and the Cosmic Microwave Background Distortion
VONFEILITZSCH 1988
PL B200 580 Limits on Neutrino Stability from the ${{\mathit \gamma}}$ Ray Flux Measured in Coincidence with Neutrinos from SN1987a
OBERAUER 1987
PL B198 113 Experimental Limits on the Decay of Reactor Neutrinos
KETOV 1986
JETPL 44 146 Search for Unusual Events in a Flux of Reactor Antineutrinos
RAFFELT 1985
PR D31 3002 Neutrino Radiative Lifetime Limits from the Absence of Solar ${{\mathit \gamma}}$ Rays
BINETRUY 1984
PL 134B 174 Cosmological Constraints on Unstable Heavy Neutrinos
FRANK 1981
PR D24 2001 New Experimental Limit on the ${{\mathit \nu}_{{\mu}}}$ Lifetime
STECKER 1980
PRL 45 1460 Have Massive Cosmological Neutrinos already been Detected?
BLIETSCHAU 1978
NP B133 205 Total Cross Section for ${{\mathit \nu}_{{e}}}$ and ${{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$ Interactions and Search for Neutrino Oscillations and Decay
FALK 1978
PL 79B 511 Limits from Supernovae on Neutrino Radiative Lifetimes
BARNES 1977
PRL 38 1049 Experimental Limits on the Mass and Lifetime of ${{\mathit \nu}_{{\mu}}}$
COWSIK 1977
PRL 39 784 Limits on the Radiative Decay of Neutrinos
BELLOTTI 1976
LNC 17 553 A Preliminary Limit on Neutrino Oscillations in GARGAMELLE Experiments
REINES 1974
PRL 32 180 Stability of the Neutrino
VOGEL 1984
PR D30 1505 Decay of Reactor Neutrinos