${{\boldsymbol \Sigma}}$ BARYONS
($\boldsymbol S$ = $-1$, $\boldsymbol I$ = 1)
${{\mathit \Sigma}^{+}}$ = ${\mathit {\mathit u}}$ ${\mathit {\mathit u}}$ ${\mathit {\mathit s}}$, ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{0}}$ = ${\mathit {\mathit u}}$ ${\mathit {\mathit d}}$ ${\mathit {\mathit s}}$, ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ = ${\mathit {\mathit d}}$ ${\mathit {\mathit d}}$ ${\mathit {\mathit s}}$
INSPIRE search

${{\boldsymbol \Sigma}^{-}}$ $I(J^P)$ = $1(1/2^{+})$

We have omitted some results that have been superseded by later experiments. See our earlier editions.
${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ MASS   $1197.449 \pm0.030$ MeV (S = 1.2)
${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}}–{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \Sigma}^{+}}}$   $8.08 \pm0.08$ MeV (S = 1.9)
${\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}}–{\mathit m}_{{{\mathit \Lambda}}}$   $81.766 \pm0.030$ MeV (S = 1.2)
${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ MEAN LIFE   $(1.479 \pm0.011) \times 10^{-10}$ s (S = 1.3)
${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ MAGNETIC MOMENT   $-1.160 \pm0.025$ $\mu _{\mathit N}$ (S = 1.7)
${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ CHARGE RADIUS   $0.78 \pm0.10$ fm 
${{\boldsymbol \Sigma}^{-}}$ DECAY PARAMETERS
$\alpha _{−}$ FOR ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit \pi}^{-}}$   $-0.068 \pm0.008$  
$\phi $ ANGLE FOR ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit \pi}^{-}}$ (tan$\phi $ = $\beta $ $/$ $\gamma $)   $10 \pm15$ $^\circ{}$ 
${\mathit g}_{{{\mathit A}}}/{\mathit g}_{{{\mathit V}}}$ FOR ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$   $0.340 \pm0.017$  
$\mathit f_{2}(0)/\mathit f_{1}$(0) FOR ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$   $0.97 \pm0.14$  
TRIPLE CORRELATION COEFFICIENT $\mathit D$ for ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$   $0.11 \pm0.10$  
see data
${\mathit g}_{{{\mathit V}}}/{\mathit g}_{{{\mathit A}}}$ FOR ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \Lambda}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$   $0.01 \pm0.10$  (S = 1.5)
${\mathit g}_{\mathit WM}/{\mathit g}_{{{\mathit A}}}$ FOR ${{\mathit \Sigma}^{-}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \Lambda}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$   $2.4 \pm1.7$  
$\Gamma_{1}$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit \pi}^{-}}$ $(99.848\pm{0.005})\%$S=1.0 193
$\Gamma_{2}$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit \pi}^{-}}{{\mathit \gamma}}$ [1]$(4.6\pm{0.6})\times 10^{-4}$193
$\Gamma_{3}$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$ $(1.017\pm{0.034})\times 10^{-3}$S=1.0 230
$\Gamma_{4}$ ${{\mathit n}}{{\mathit \mu}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{\mu}}}$ $(4.5\pm{0.4})\times 10^{-4}$210
$\Gamma_{5}$ ${{\mathit \Lambda}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}{{\overline{\mathit \nu}}_{{e}}}$ $(5.73\pm{0.27})\times 10^{-5}$S=1.0 79
    constrained fit information