Long-lived ${{\widetilde{\boldsymbol \chi}}^{\pm}}$ (Chargino) mass limit INSPIRE search

Limits on charginos which leave the detector before decaying.
VALUE (GeV) CL% DOCUMENT ID TECN  COMMENT
$> 1090$ 95 1
AABOUD
2019AT
ATLS long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{\pm}}$ mAMSB
$\bf{> 460}$ 95 2
AABOUD
2018AS
ATLS ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , lifetime 0.2 ns, ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}}$ $−$ ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}}$ = 160 MeV
$> 715$ 95 3
SIRUNYAN
2018BR
CMS ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , AMSB, tan ${{\mathit \beta}}$ = 5 and ${{\mathit \mu}}$ $>$ 0, $\tau $ = 3 ns
$> 695$ 95 3
SIRUNYAN
2018BR
CMS ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , AMSB, tan ${{\mathit \beta}}$ = 5 and ${{\mathit \mu}}$ $>$ 0, $\tau $ = 7 ns
$> 505$ 95 3
SIRUNYAN
2018BR
CMS ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , AMSB, tan ${{\mathit \beta}}$ = 5, ${{\mathit \mu}}$ $>$ 0, 0.5 ns $>$ $\tau $ $>$ 60 ns
$\bf{>620}$ 95 4
AAD
2015AE
ATLS stable ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$
$>534$ 95 5
AAD
2015BM
ATLS stable ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$
$>239$ 95 5
AAD
2015BM
ATLS ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , lifetime 1 ns, ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}}$ $−$ ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}}$ = 0.14 GeV
$>482$ 95 5
AAD
2015BM
ATLS ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , lifetime 15 ns, ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}}$ $−$ ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}}$ = 0.14 GeV
$> 103$ 95 6
AAD
2013H
ATLS long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , mAMSB, $\Delta {\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}}$ = 160 MeV
$> 92$ 95 7
AAD
2012BJ
ATLS long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}$ , mAMSB
$> 171$ 95 8
ABAZOV
2009M
D0 ${{\widetilde{\mathit H}}}$
$>102$ 95 9
ABBIENDI
2003L
OPAL ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \nu}}}}>$500~GeV
$\text{none 2 - 93.0}$ 95 10
ABREU
2000T
DLPH ${{\widetilde{\mathit H}}^{\pm}}$ or ${\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \nu}}}}>{\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}}$
• • • We do not use the following data for averages, fits, limits, etc. • • •
$>260$ 95 11
KHACHATRYAN
2015AB
CMS ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ ,$\tau _{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{\pm}}}$=0.2ns, AMSB
$>800$ 95 12
KHACHATRYAN
2015AO
CMS long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{\pm}}$, mAMSB, $\tau >$100ns
$>100$ 95 12
KHACHATRYAN
2015AO
CMS long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{\pm}}$, mAMSB, $\tau $ $>$ 3 ns
95 13
KHACHATRYAN
2015W
CMS long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{0}}$, ${{\widetilde{\mathit q}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit q}}{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{0}}$ , ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{0}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \ell}^{+}}{{\mathit \ell}^{-}}{{\mathit \nu}}$ , RPV
$> 270$ 95 14
AAD
2013BD
ATLS disappearing-track signature, AMSB
$> 278$ 95 15
ABAZOV
2013B
D0 long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$, gaugino-like
$> 244$ 95 15
ABAZOV
2013B
D0 long-lived ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$, higgsino-like
1  AABOUD 2019AT searched in 36.1 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 13 TeV for metastable ${{\mathit R}}$-hadrons. Multiple search strategies for a wide range of lifetimes, corresponding to path lengths of a few meters, are defined. No significant deviations from the expected Standard Model background are observed. Results are interpreted in terms of direct electroweak production of long-lived charginos in the context of mAMSB scenarios. Chargino masses are excluded at 95$\%$ C.L. below 1090 GeV. See their Figure 10 (right).
2  AABOUD 2018AS searched in 36.1 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 13 TeV for direct electroweak production of long-lived charginos in the context of AMSB or phenomenological MSSM scenarios with wino-like LSP. Events with a disappearing track due to a low-momentum pion accompanied by at least one jet with high transverse momentum from initial-state radiation are considered. No significant excess above the Standard Model expectations is observed. Exclusion limits are set at 95$\%$ confidence level on the mass of charginos for different chargino lifetimes. For a pure wino with a lifetime of about 0.2 ns, corresponding to a mass-splitting between the charged and neutral wino of around 160 MeV, chargino masses up to 460 GeV are excluded, see their Fig. 8.
3  SIRUNYAN 2018BR searched in 38.4 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 13 TeV for direct electroweak production of long-lived charginos in events containing isolated tracks with missing hits in the outer layer of the silicon tracker and little or no associated calorimetric energy deposits (disappearing tracks). No significant excess above the Standard Model expectations is observed. In an AMSB context, limits are set on the cross section of direct chargino production through ${{\mathit p}}$ ${{\mathit p}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\mp}}$ and ${{\mathit p}}$ ${{\mathit p}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}$ , assuming BR( ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{\pm}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ ) = 100$\%$, as a function of the chargino mass and mean proper lifetime, see Figures 3, 4 and 5.
4  AAD 2015AE searched in 19.1 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV for heavy long-lived charged particles, measured through their specific ionization energy loss in the ATLAS pixel detector or their time-of-flight in the ALTAS muon system. In the absence of an excess of events above the expected backgrounds, limits are set on stable charginos, see Fig. 10.
5  AAD 2015BM searched in 18.4 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV for stable and metastable non-relativistic charged particles through their anomalous specific ionization energy loss in the ATLAS pixel detector. In absence of an excess of events above the expected backgrounds, limits are set on stable charginos (see Table 5) and on metastable charginos decaying to ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}{{\mathit \pi}^{\pm}}$ , see Fig. 11.
6  AAD 2013H searched in 4.7 fb${}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 7 TeV for direct electroweak production of long-lived charginos in the context of AMSB scenarios. The search is based on the signature of a high-momentum isolated track with few associated hits in the outer part of the tracking system, arising from a chargino decay into a neutralino and a low-momentum pion. The $p_T$ spectrum of the tracks was found to be consistent with the SM expectations. Constraints on the lifetime and the production cross section were obtained, see Fig. 6. In the minimal AMSB framework with tan $\beta $ = 5, and ${{\mathit \mu}}$ $>$ 0, a chargino having a mass below 103 (85) GeV for a chargino-neutralino mass splitting $\Delta {\mathit m}_{{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{0}}}$ of 160 (170) MeV is excluded at the 95$\%$ C.L. See Fig. 7 for more precise bounds.
7  AAD 2012BJ looked in 1.02 fb${}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 7 TeV for signatures of decaying charginos resulting in isolated tracks with few associated hits in the outer region of the tracking system. The $p_T$ spectrum of the tracks was found to be consistent with the SM expectations. Constraints on the lifetime and the production cross section were obtained. In the minimal AMSB framework with ${\mathit m}_{\mathrm {3/2}}$ $<$ 32 TeV, ${\mathit m}_{\mathrm {0}}$ $<$ 1.5 TeV, tan ${{\mathit \beta}}$ = 5, and ${{\mathit \mu}}$ $>$ 0, a chargino having a mass below 92 GeV and a lifetime between 0.5 ns and 2 ns is excluded at the 95$\%$ C.L. See their Fig. 8 for more precise bounds.
8  ABAZOV 2009M searched in 1.1 fb${}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\overline{\mathit p}}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 1.96 TeV for events with direct production of a pair of charged massive stable particles identified by their TOF. The number of the observed events is consistent with the predicted background. The data are used to constrain the production cross section as a function of the ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}_{{1}}^{\pm}}$ mass, see their Fig. 2. The quoted limit improves to 206 GeV for gaugino-like charginos.
9  ABBIENDI 2003L used ${{\mathit e}^{+}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}$ data at $\sqrt {s }$ = $130 - 209$ GeV to select events with two high momentum tracks with anomalous dE/dx. The excluded cross section is compared to the theoretical expectation as a function of the heavy particle mass in their Fig.~3. The bounds are valid for colorless fermions with lifetime longer than $10^{-6}$ s. Supersedes the results from ACKERSTAFF 1998P.
10  ABREU 2000T searches for the production of heavy stable charged particles, identified by their ionization or Cherenkov radiation, using data from $\sqrt {\mathit s }$= 130 to 189 GeV. These limits include and update the results of ABREU 1998P.
11  KHACHATRYAN 2015AB searched in 19.5 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV for events containing tracks with little or no associated calorimeter energy deposits and with missing hits in the outer layers of the tracking system (disappearing-track signature). Such disappearing tracks can result from the decay of charginos that are nearly mass degenerate with the lightest neutralino. The number of observed events is in agreement with the background expectation. Limits are set on the cross section of electroweak chargino production in terms of the chargino mass and mean proper lifetime, see Fig. 4. In the minimal AMSB model, a chargino mass below 260 GeV is excluded at 95$\%$ C.L., see their Fig. 5.
12  KHACHATRYAN 2015O searched in 18.8 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV for evidence of long-lived charginos in the context of AMSB and pMSSM scenarios. The results are based on a previously published search for heavy stable charged particles at 7 and 8 TeV. In the minimal AMSB framework with tan ${{\mathit \beta}}$ = 5 and $\mathit \mu $ ${}\geq{}$ 0, constraints on the chargino mass and lifetime were placed, see Fig. 5. Charginos with a mass below 800 (100) GeV are excluded at the 95$\%$ C.L. for lifetimes above 100 ns (3 ns). Constraints are also placed on the pMSSM parameter space, see Fig. 3.
13  KHACHATRYAN 2015W searched in up to 20.5 ${\mathrm {fb}}{}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV for evidence of long-lived neutralinos produced through ${{\widetilde{\mathit q}}}$-pair production, with ${{\widetilde{\mathit q}}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit q}}{{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{0}}$ and ${{\widetilde{\mathit \chi}}^{0}}$ $\rightarrow$ ${{\mathit \ell}^{+}}{{\mathit \ell}^{-}}{{\mathit \nu}}$ (RPV: $\lambda _{121}$, $\lambda _{122}{}\not=$ 0). 95$\%$ C.L. exclusion limits on cross section times branching ratio are set as a function of mean proper decay length of the neutralino, see Figs. 6 and 9.
14  AAD 2013BD searched in 20.3 fb${}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV for events containing tracks with no associated hits in the outer region of the tracking system resulting from the decay of charginos that are nearly mass degenerate with the lightest neutralino, as is often the case in AMSB scenarios. No significant excess above the background expectation is observed for candidate tracks with large transverse momentum. Constraints on chargino properties are obtained and in the minimal AMSB model, a chargino mass below 270$~$GeV is excluded at 95$\%$ C.L., see their Fig. 7.
15  ABAZOV 2013B looked in 6.3 fb${}^{-1}$ of ${{\mathit p}}{{\overline{\mathit p}}}$ collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 1.96 TeV for charged massive long-lived particles in events with muon-like particles that have both speed and ionization energy loss inconsistent with muons produced in beam collisions. In the absence of an excess, limits are set at 95$\%$ C.L. on gaugino- and higgsino-like charginos, see their Table 20 and Fig. 23.
  References:
AABOUD 2019AT
PR D99 092007 Search for heavy charged long-lived particles in the ATLAS detector in 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV
AABOUD 2018AS
JHEP 1806 022 Search for long-lived charginos based on a disappearing-track signature in pp collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV with the ATLAS detector
SIRUNYAN 2018BR
JHEP 1808 016 Search for disappearing tracks as a signature of new long-lived particles in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV
AAD 2015BM
EPJ C75 407 Search for Metastable Heavy Charged Particles with Large Ionisation Energy Loss in ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV using the ATLAS Experiment
AAD 2015AE
JHEP 1501 068 Searches for Heavy Long-Lived Charged Particles with the ATLAS Detector in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV
KHACHATRYAN 2015AO
EPJ C75 325 Constraints on the pMSSM, AMSB Model and on Other Models from the Search for Long-Lived Charged Particles in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV
KHACHATRYAN 2015W
PR D91 052012 Search for Long-Lived Particles that Decay into Final States Containing Two Electrons or Two Muons in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV
KHACHATRYAN 2015AB
JHEP 1501 096 Search for Disappearing Tracks in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV
AAD 2013BD
PR D88 112006 Search for Charginos Nearly Mass Degenerate with the Lightest Neutralino Based on a Disappearing-Track Signature in ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 8 TeV with the ATLAS Detector
AAD 2013H
JHEP 1301 131 Search for Direct Chargino Production in Anomaly-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking Models Based on a Disappearing-Track Signature in ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 7 TeV with the ATLAS Detector
ABAZOV 2013B
PR D87 052011 Search for Charged Massive Long-Lived Particles at $\sqrt {s }$ = 1.96 TeV
AAD 2012BJ
EPJ C72 1993 Search for Anomaly-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking with the ATLAS Detector Based on a Disappearing-Track Signature in ${{\mathit p}}{{\mathit p}}$ Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 7 TeV
ABAZOV 2009M
PRL 102 161802 Search for Long-Lived Charged Massive Particles with the ${D0}$ Detector
ABBIENDI 2003L
PL B572 8 Search for Stable and Longlived Massive Charged Particles in ${{\mathit e}^{+}}{{\mathit e}^{-}}$ Collisions at $\sqrt {s }$ = 130 to 209 GeV
ABREU 2000T
PL B485 95 Update of the Search for Charginos Nearly Mass-Degenerate with the Lightest Neutralino